CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (2024)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (1)

CATAMARANS 1959 A.Y.R.S. P U B L I C A T I O N N o . 28



1. Introduction I I . SNAP 2. Manoeuvrability 12. W INDCAT 3. Lee Bow Burying 13. ATTUNGA 4. One of a Kind Races 14. SWIFT 5. THAI III 15. SHAMROCK 6. The PI-CAT 16. HURRICANE 7. TIGER CAT 17. TAMAHINE 8. COUGAR 18. The CATAMANNERS 8. WILDCAT II 18. A Retractable Undercarriage


P R I C E 50 c e n t s P R I C E 2 /6

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (2)


(Founded June, 1955)

Presidents :

British : American :

L o r d Brabazon of Tara, G.B.E. Walter Bloemhard. M . c , P.c.

British : UfTa Fox, R . D . I .

Dr . C. N . Davies, Aust in Farrar, M . I . N . A . Erick J. Manners.

Vice-Presidents :

American New York

Great Lakes M i d West

Victor Tchetchet. Wi l l i am R. MehafTey L loyd L . A r no ld .

Florida : Robert L . Clarke. California : Joseph J. Szakacs.

Committee :

Brit ish : Owen Dumpleton, M rs . Ruth Evans, J. A . Lawrence, L . Lamble, Roland Prout, Henry Reid.

Brit ish :

T o m Herbert, 25, Oakwood Gardens, Seven Kings, Essex.

Secretary- Treasurers :

American :

Mrs . Yvonne Bloemhard. 143, Glen Street, Glen Cove, New York.

New Zealand :

Charles Satterthwaite, P.O. Box 2491, Christchurch, New Zealand.

British Research Secretary

Mrs. Ruth Evans, ^ ; 15, Westmorland Road, Maidenhead, Berks.

South African :

Brian Lel lo, S.A. Yachting, 58, Burg Street, Cape T o w n .

Australian :

Ken Berkeley, 75, Highfield Rd. , Sydney, N . S . W . .

Editor and Publisher :

John Morwood , Woodacres, Hythe, Kent .

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (3)

Amateur Yacht Research Society BCM AYRS London WCIN 3XX UK office@ayrs .org

Contact details 2012

; . E D I T O R I A L >

• , - , , ; f December, 1959.

The A . G . M . of the British A.Y.R.S . w i l l again be held at " The Cedars," Nor th lu id Ro;id, near I'.arls Court on the first Saturday of the Boat Show, the 2iul J;inuary, 1959 at I I a.m., (inishing at p .m. L igh t refreshment w i l l be available. Matters for the Agenda can be sent to T o m Herbert now. I t is requested that as many of the aerodynamic and architectural members as possible w i l l attend as the matter of greatest importance w i l l be the structure of the wind tunnel and whether or not to have a test tank. I t is most important that the Hon . Editor shall have as much advice as possible before erection starts.


Members are again reminded that our stand at Earls Court is No. P3. M r s . Morwood st i l l needs help and offers of this w i l l be much appreciated.


Erick Manners w i l l again be giving a series of lectures at the Munic ipal College, Southend, Essex, starting in January, 1960. Sixty-six people attended last year and more are likely to attend this year. The subjects include : Theory of Sailing, Progress in Sail, Outriggers, Naval Architecture, Sail Design, Catamaran Research, Design, Con­struction and Sailing, H igh Speed Boating, Trimarans, Hydrofoils , Sailing Aerodynamics and Hydro-Mechanics. Erick has made a f i lm of eight different catamarans sailing which lasts three quarters of an hour. Th i s w i l l be shown and it can also be obtained by Yacht Clubs for their winter programmes.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (4)

I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C A T A M A R A N S 1959

The fastest catamaran in the world at the moment for her size is undoubtedly T H A I H I , designed by Roderick Macalpine-Downie. This was shown in the British O N E - O F - A - K I N D races where this craft beat Donald Robertson's larger F R E E D O M in 3 of the 6 races, boat for boat wi th the Prouts' C O U G A R S 3rd and 4th. This result was achieved by extreme lightness, good design and, of course, excellent helmsmanship by John Fisk. Early this year, Roderick MacAlpine-Downie was hoping to bui ld the present T H A I I I I to weigh ZOOlbs. complete w i th rigging but the final figure of weight is not yet known, though this figure has nearly been achieved. ,

Catamaran Hull Design. T i i i s has now settled into a shape which is not likely to be much improved in the forseeable future. T H A I I l l ' s hul l is not greatly different from D o n Robertson's F R E E D O M , the main difference being a slightly lower transom and more V ' d sections and an overhang forward, reminiscent of Bob Harris's Ocelot, shown in A.Y.R.S . No. 10 A M E R I C A N C A T A M A R A N S .

For the guidance of catamaran designers, and to give credit to the people who have not only designed nicely shaped catamaran hulls but have been public spirited enough to allow their lines to be published, the following designs seem to have all the essentials for speed : F R l ' ^ v D O M by Don Robertson. A .Y.R.S . No . 22, page 20. T E M P E S T by J. Fenwick. A.Y.R.S . No . 22, page 44. Th is catamaran never has done well in any races due to her heavy weight from fibreglass con­struction but, i f made light enough she would perform well .

G O L D E N M I L L E R by Michael Henderson whose lines are given opposite. This is of course, a cruising catamaran wi th fin and bulb keels but the hul l shape is that which would give a small racing catamaran speed, i f bui l t l ight ly.

T R I D E N T by W i l l i a m Baur whose lines are also given here. This is a largish cruising trimaran hul l but the lines are so like those of T H A I H I that there can be no doubt that great speeds w i l l be inherent in them.

T w o further catamarans must be mentioned as having nicely shaped hulls but both are l ight weather craft, i n m y opinion, and, though possibly faster in airs would not show the same top speeds.

V E L O C E C A T A M A R A N by L . Le Marrec of Monte Carlo-A.Y.R.S. No . 22 page 40. S E A T O N I C by Eric Seaton A .Y .R .S . No. 27 C R U I S I N G C A T A M A R A N S . This again is a large craft w i th lines suitable for a small racing catamaran but the fineness aft and counter would l imit tiie top speeds.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (5)


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (6)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (7)

T H E C O U G A R , S H E A R W A T E R H I and SW I F T C A T A M A R A N S

Readers w i l l naturally want to know how the Prout range o f racing catamarans wi l l compare wi th those mentioned above. T h e answer lies in durability, weight and helmsmanship, not really in the hull design.

A C O U G A R , S H E A R W A T E R I I I or S W I F T is unlikely to break when sailed hard over a season and is relatively light for its durability. I f one of the above mentioned catamarans were of the same weight as its relative member of the Prout scries, a race between the two would go to the better helmsman. However, one cannot but think that the finer bows and flatter runs aft of most of the craft mentioned above must help them at speed compared wi th the Prout series, though in actual racing this has never been apparent as the craft which have beaten the Prout craft have nearly always been lighter in weight. A t speeds of 8 to 12 knots or thereabouts, the S H E A R W A T E R H I or C O U G A R have less resistance than all others.

. . . J U M P A H E A D . ...

Th i s catamaran, designed by Bi l l O'Brien doesn't fit into the picture easily as it is a chine catamaran wi th a very fine bow and very flat run and wide transom. Its speed is, i f anything, only the barest fraction worse than S H E A R W A T E R H I but it carries more sail area. One can say that the hul l resistance is definitely greater than that of S H E A R W A T E R H I as it is the same weight.

i ' f . v U . , . C A T A M A R A N M A N O E U V R A B I L I T Y

I t has now been clearly shown that, wi th shallower hulls of rounded section, cut away forefoot, flat and shallow transom and •concentration of weight, buoyancy and wetted surface just aft of amidships, a catamaran can be put about as quickly as one wishes. This makes the need for full Ackerman linkage of the rudders, as •described in No. 22, page 12, unnecessary.


The theory of this has not been fully worked out as yet. However, some definite facts emerge from the accounts which have been sent in . The first of these is that almost without exception, the catamarans •with a Cat or Una r ig and the mast placed well forward as it must be to get sail balance, bury their lee bow. On conversion to a sloop rig, this stops. Too much weight forward has the same effect, which


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (8)

is the main reason for not deciding between the liuils right to the bows, though decking in this part causes resistance from the waves hi t t ing underneath and from the wind .

From the foregoing, it looks like being a matter of weight only being too far forward but the 40 to 601bs. of the r ig being a couple o f feet different could be balanced by the crew sitting a few inches further back. Another explanation is that this displacement of the moments of weight fore and aft makes the craft more stable in pitch and so the craft tends to go through waves, rather than rising over them.

Hull ExplaiKilions. On reaching its top speed, any dingiiy or catamaran wi l l bury its bow and t ip up forward due to the centre of effort of the sails being high up. This w i l l hold even wi th planing dinghies whose bows have to be held up by the weight of the crew coming aft. However, dinghies seldom reach this state as a sideways capsize wi l l usually occur first. Catamarans, due to their relatively great lateral stability, w i l l easily get to this state and it is the fore and aft stability which limits a catamaran's speed, rather than the lateral stability, as pointed out by Michael Henderson.

Fine bows wi l l stick in the water less soon than broader ones and those wi th very deep V's and get to a higher speed but are more sensitive to weight forward, which includes the pitching moment o f the sails. Flat runs aft w i l l pul l the transom down by dynamic action and also delay bow burying.

CoHclusiou. Fine bows and a broad flat run, combined wi th the mast being placed further aft (with larger headsails, i f desired) should reduce bow burying. I t is noted that several accounts of " Mast-aft " rigs state that the " lift " from the sloping j i b raises the bow but the weight of the mast aft may have not a l i t t le to do w i t h the rising of the bows. The sloping j i b may lif t the bows on a reach, especially i f the j i b is boomed but probably has no such effect close hauled.

T H E " O N E - O F - A - K I N D " RACES

The principle of these races is that only one of each class o f boat is allowed to enter in order that boat shall be pitted against boat, rather than that helmsmen shall be pitted against each other as w i th normal yacht racing. The courses are so arranged that tactics play a small part and the winner of a race can be presumed to have the fastest boat. There have been several series throughout the wor ld this year but the two which are of most interest to us are those at M i a m i , Florida and those at Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex.

8 _

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (9)

Miami, Florida, February 21-23, 1959. Races sponsored by Yachting and held at the Coral Reef Y . C .

Order of finishing : Placing on corrected time : 1 A Class scow (38 feet long) 1 T I G E R C A T 2 T I G E R C A T (17 feet long) 2 C O U G A R 3 C O U G A R (18 feet long) 3 International Canoe. 3 (tied) E Class scow 4 S H E A R W A T E R I I I 5 FEVER 5 505 6 W I L D C A T 6 A Class scow 7 S H E A R W A T E R H I 7 J O L L Y B O A T 8 R A V E N 7 (tied) W I L D C A T 9 M A N U K A I 9 E Class scow

10 F L Y I N G D U T C H M A N 10 F L Y I N G D U T C H M A N

I n these races, the A Class scow usually quickly got a big lead, followed by the E Class scow, followed by T I G E R C A T and C O U G A R fighting it out for th i rd place. These four boats formed the leading group in 3 of the 5 races and all other competitors came in two later groups. . _... , ,

The Boats.

Tigercat was designed by Bob Harris, the former Hon . Sec. of the American Section of the A.Y.R.S . Details of it are given elsewhere in this publication.

Cougar was designed by G . Prout & Sons and is approximately a S H E A R W A T E R I I . A stock boat was used which had just been uncrated on the morning of the first race and thus was not quite in top racing t r im .

The International Canoe was sailed by Maestro Lou Whi tman .

Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex. September, 1959. Races sponsored by the Royal Yachting Association and organised by the Thames Estuary Y.C.

This series of races was entirely confined to catamarans and was instigated by the R .Y.A. in order to evaluate them and form a basis for handicapping. The results of the 6 races are as follows :—

Corrected Times : -fr::^;^-:!" i : ^

1 1 2 2 2 2 F R E E D O M . Donald Robertson. 2 3 1 3 1 8 C O U G A R I . Roland Prout. 3 5 3 4 3 5 C O U G A R I I (Fibreglass) Ken Pearce. 5 6 5 5 4 7 SUPER C A T ( S H E A R W A T E R H I , 1 C.B. 6 4 7 7 5 6 C O O L C A T ( J U M P A H E A D ) .


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (10)

4 2 6 6 7 3 SHE GOES ( S W I F T ) . 7 7 9 K I T T I W A K E .:-'r--'••s^,} 8 - 9 8 6 11 B U B B L E ( M E R C U R Y ) • - - 4 4 A L B A T R O S S ( S H E A R W A T E R 2 C.B's). - - 11 12 11 14 14 S. C A T A M A N N E R

10 8 10 R I V E R C A T (Single handed) 1 — 1 T H A I H I Roderick MacAlpine-Downie

W A V E R I D E R - 8 8 9 8 12 R.S. C A T A M A N N E R - - 11 11 10 13 F L A M I N G O . Cruising catamaran - - 10 — 12 — S K A U B A

These races were a t r iumph for Donald Robertson, the amateur and Roderick MacAlpine-Downie who spent some 18 months de­signing and redesigning his T H A I catamarans. Members may remember the model of an early design we had on our stand at the Boat Show in January, this year. Both are A.Y.R.S . members and both designed and bui l t their catamarans themselves.

The Boats. Freedom was fully described in A.Y.R.S . No. 22 C A T A M A R A N S

1958 and is mainly characterized by a good hul l shape and lightness. Thai III is described elsewhere in this publication and has a

shape of hul l which w-ill appeal to readers as being what they feel is traditional in general but wi th those certain modifications which make it suitable for a catamaran. A n overhang forward, a low prismatic coefficient and a flat run aft wi th a wide transom are the main char­acteristics. V ' d forward sections and a fine entry develop into a semicircular maximum section which is aft of amidships, the centre of the semicircle being above the L . W . L . The wide flat transom drags by about an inch of immersion. The structure is most carefully stressed to give the extreme lightness on which her speed largely depended. Unfortunately, rigging trouble w i th an experimental arrangement put her out of a pair of races when in the lead ; a collision at the start which carried away a rudder put her out of a th i rd , and she was disqualified for being over the line in a fourth, in which she finished first. She also made the fastest timed run.

Cougar 1 is a moulded ply 18'6" catamaran by G . Prout and Sons, Canvey Island, of the same hull shape as the Shearwater I I .

Cougar 2 is almost identical, but wi th fibreglass hulls.

Cool Cat the Jumpahead, was consistently well sailed and proved herself only a shade slower than the Shearwater 3, beating her i n 2 races. " .. . . .


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (11)

She Goes, the Prouts new 14' Swift of the same hull shape as the Shearwater, went wonderfully and surprised many by beating the Shearwater 3, as well as many other larger boats, to take second place on coriected time in the second race.

Kittiwake, from Sark, was one of the most interesting boats present. 16 feet long, she was amateur buil t w i th round bilge hulls ingeniously made from sheets of flat ply, beautifully bui l t and finished and extremely stylish. She had very bad luck breaking her mast, a straight compression failure.

Albatross, the twin board Shearwater, got two 4th places, but was dogged wi th troubles.

River Cat, designed by Bil l O'Brien and described in A .Y.R.S . No. 15, C A T A M A R A N D E S I G N , did well in the strong winds. A t times she was unmistakably planing, and travelling very wel l .

14' Sports Catamanner is a well shaped but heavy fibreglass boat which nevertheless went well .

Flamingo, the 36' Prout cruising catamaran described in A .Y .R .S . No. 2 7 , C R U I S I N G C A T A M A R A N S , and owned by Donald Robert­son, went well and wi th deceptive sedateness, proving as fast to w i n d ­ward as any, but somewhat inferior downwind and reaching.

Bubble is a M E R C U R Y class catamaran, described in A . Y . R . S . No. 2 2 of chine construction for home building. She has never had a chance to be fully tuned against good racing competition.

Waverider, is a deep V hull sectioned catamaran, I believe. Skauba. No information is available.


L . O . A . 1 7 ' 6" Weight (stripped) under 2 0 0 lbs. L . W . L . 16' Sail Area 2 0 0 sq ft. Beam 8' 6"

Designeri: J . R. M A C A L I ' I N E - D O W N I E .

Builders : J . R. M A C A I . P I N E - D O W N U ; , App in , Argy l l , Scotland.

T H A I H I is the end product of nine sets of lines, developed from a previous prototype. She is going into production for the coming London Boat Show and wi l l be available finished, part finished and in kit form. Hul ls are of fibreglass wi th mouldcd-in centreplate cases. Moulded agba hulls are available for those who like varnish.

Modifications are being carried out, in the light of racing ex­perience, to improve both her appearance and her performance,

1 1

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (12)


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (14)

T H E P I - C A T C A T A M A R A N

~ ' ' fry A R T H U R PivER, M i l l Valley, Calif. -

L O A 17' Beam 8' Draft (less boards) 9" Tota l sail area 200'

Pi-Cat is the result of an inabili ty to accept certain apparently intrinsic limitations in catamarans.

Manoeuvrability. I t was felt that the turning rate of the craft should be l imited only by the speed wi th which the crew can move across the boat while putt ing about.

Hull Form. I t was felt that the traditional destroyer shape now widely favored could be definitely improved upon. Ful l , round bows, which cause pounding and pitching, should be replaced by finer ones more conducive to smoother operation. Fu l l bows were formerly felt necessary to avoid diving of the lee bow. I t was felt that the answer to this problem was weight distr ibution, instead of ful l bows.

Pi-Cat has perhaps the most complicated hul l form yet seen on a catamaran—possible only w i th the adaptability of fibreglass. The bow is quite fine, w i th hollow sections. There is, however, a flare at the deck line which reduces spray and which is expected to keep the boat from dr iving under even when sailed full speed down the face of breaking seas. Th is it has so far successfully done.

Forward underwater sections are V ' d in order to present an easy entrance. The form changes to semi-circular just before the mid-point . The semi-circle is continued almost to the stern, where i n the last foot or so i t changes to an almost flat section at the transom. This flat section, which is normally above water, prevents pitching which might be expected wi th the high degree of rocker which is a characteristic of this particular hu l l . The generous rocker aids manoeuvrability and keeps wetted surface at the m i n i m u m for light airs.

T o help keep the lee bow from diving, the mast was moved aft to the mid-point. This resulted in a large j i b . I n an effort to aid handling this sail, a balanced j i b boom was used. Th is was based on experiments wi th this arrangement on the 20' trimaran Caper last year. A report of a similar sail on the catamaran Freedom in A .Y.R.S . No. 22 gave further information. As can be seen in the il lustration, this j i b has a large transparent panel of Mylar film—a common-sense idea for any fast boat. This particular sail has an adjustable draft arrangement. When the clew is moved forward and aft to vary the camber, control lines to the lower guide batten extend and retract automatically and proportionately. The balanced j i b has proven


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (15)


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (16)

most satisfactory. Its use removes much of the pul l from the j i b sheet ; i t acts as a bu i l t - in whisker-pole ; and keeps the fore stay tight, due to the differential pu l l at the clew.

The j i b stay is arranged so it slides across the boat, helping to free the j i b from blanketing effects of the mainsail while r imning. For broad-reaching, the j i b boom can be slacked forward of the trans­verse, and slid to windward of the main, on the opposite side of the boat.

Performance of Pi-Cat under favourable conditions is impressive. She can come about so fast that when the sails start to lutf, the

crew must actually hurl themselves across the craft in order to be on the proper side when the sails fill on the opposite tack. Observers who see her manoeuvre for the first time frequently shout in astonish­ment.

Pi-Cat provides an unexpected bonus in that she apparently rises right up in the water and planes. A surprising amount of stability is felt when she has but a few feet of the mid section in the water. There is no tendency to bury the lee bow, and the attitude of the boat can be easily altered by merely moving the crew slightly forward or aft. This ability to plane almost on top of the water, and thus reduce wetted surface, should make Pi-Cat capable of some surprising speeds, and a pitot-tube type speedometer has been installed as a reference.

Pi-Cat's comparative speed around the buoys is not completely known, as she has never been in racing t r i m . She was, however, entered in the July '59 Pacific Coast M u l t i h u l l Championship Regatta at San Francisco. Pi-Cat finished th i rd , betv^een two Shearwaters.

The reason this boat has never been put in racing t r i m may interest experimental-minded sailors. The male mould on which the present hulls were cast was made of plastic form in 2 man-days, wi th 20 worth of STYROFOAM. Because this was to be an experimental boat, no particular care was taken to make the mould particularly smooth. The present hulls are quite rough as a result. I t would be interesting to learn how much faster this boat would be i f the hulls were indeed smooth.

A d d : T H E T R A N S P A R E N T S A I L N O T E : Since the above was wri t ten, we have made some changes

in our transparent j ibs. Because these sails wore out first in the upper part of the leech

due to luffing, we now use D A C R O N for the upper part of the sail, w i t h a large lower window only of M Y L A R .


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (17)

The 17' P I - C A T has the latest version—a balanced j i b wi t i i horizontal, 3' wide cloths, fully-battened. The M A R L A R window is 3' deep and the full wid th of the sail. Th i s gives maximum visi­bi l i ty , but more wear-resistent sail cloth is used above.

The M Y L A R windows are no longer cemented in , but meiely sewn wi th wide stitches (1/8'—3/16" apart). A 2" wide M Y L A R strip is fastened wi th pressure-sensitive transparent tape near the perimeter of the M Y L A R panel, overlapping the sail cloth on each side.

After sewing through both thicknesses of the M Y L A R and the sail cloth in between, the stitches are covered wi th strips of i " M Y L A R tape in order to keep the now perforateil f i lm from r ipping. In the corners of the panel, where strain might be concentrated, the M Y L A R is left slightly fuller than elsewhere.


L . O . A . 17' 0" Tota l weight, less crew 5301bs.

Beam 8' 0" Tota l sail area 235 sq. ft.

Draught 7f Measured area 183 sq. ft.

Draught C.B's 3' 5"

Designer : Bob Harris, 9 Floyd Place, Great Neck, L . I . , N . Y .

Hulls. These are 3/16th inch moulded plywood covered wi th 4oz. glass cloth. The decks are | inch plywood, faced wi th phenolic plastic. The centreboards are | inch a luminium alloy plate, toed in 1°. Only one board is down at a time, for example the port board on the starboard tack and vice versa. . ,

The Mast. Th i s is elongated in section and also a luminium alloy as is the luff spar.

The Production Model. The dimensions of this are the same as the prototype except for I inch reduction in beam. The weight comes out at 551bs. more. The craft is cleverly cast in two pieces, the upper one comprising the whole top deck and the lower one, the hulls and the underside of the bridge deck. " Phese two pieces are joined at a flange which also forms part of the spray strips.

T I G E R C A T won the M i a m i O N E - O F - A - K I N D races, beating the Prout COUGAR SO she must be a very fast boat. The production model must be a little slower than the prototype and we can but see what the relative performances of the two craft are in future.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (18)


5 A p r i l , 1 9 5 9 Dear John.

K ind ly accept my sincerest thanks for your congratulatory letter of 2 0 March re T I G E R .

Allow me to say right off the bat that not one concerned wi th the creation of the T I G E R expected that Eric Olsen would be able to beat out Roland Prout, not only from the fact that Eric had had little or no experience sailing the catamaran, but that the designer had himself so very much to learn as yet about the design of small catamarans. 1 w i l l however venture these comments in retrospect.

1 . I t was felt by all that the use of asymetrically shaped centre-plates in each hul l , both thin plates, and using of course but one at a time, set at an init ial angle of incidence to the fore and aft centreline of the hulls gave T I G E R her first advantage over COUGAR, using thicker plates, two down, symmetrically shaped. Th is is probably the second best advantage, i f it was one at all . We could not prove any


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (19)

of these statements actually unless the boats were tested together in tanks under exactly controlled similar conditions.

2. The greatest advantage Tiger seemed to have was in the sails. She was carrying a tremendous roach compared to Cougar, g iving her not only much more unmeasured sail area, (an inequality in the rule) but I suggest that these sails stood better in spite of the roach than the Cougar's. Besides this there was of course more measured area.

3. The second most important advantage of 'Tiger, and contrary to the reports you have had is that she had a flatter n m and the aft sections were fuller, or rather flatter than tliose of Cougar ! Tigers' beam at the transom was also bigger. I f she was down by the stern a bit i t is because the crew was unable to get forward enough to the designed position due to the fact that the helmsman could not then reach his tillers effectively. Perhaps it would be more accurate to say that the extension tillers were not in the best position for this important measure nor were they long enough.

* 4. For the particular sea and wind conditions, 20 to 25 knots wind , w i th about a two foot to one and one half foot chop I believe that the greater freeboard and resultant greater height of wing off the water gave Tiger a bit less drag at speed than the Cougar. There seemed to be considerably more wetting under the wing on Cougar. There is also the fact that the underside of Tiger's wing is convex, curved upwards, thus allowing water droplets, (thus weight carried about) to be run off more quickly. Th i s has something to do wi th surface tension of fluids which I vaguely remember from my physics class.

5. There is also a fifth and not so obvious a reason for Tiger's performance which rather sums up all of these advantages wi th the possible exception of the sails, and hul l form, that being that Tiger was buil t especially as a prototype to meet the competition of the One of a Kind. That is to say that in a production model we would probably come up wi th symmetrical smaller centerboards thus losing I feel some advantage to weather, although even this is inconclusive since at times Cougar seemed to be doing better to weather than Tiger on pointing and footing. Anyway I must certainly say that Prout came here w i t h his " stock " model and did very excellently indeed, to w it that there was so very little difference in their times and speeds, and not to mention that the Cougar was probably built at a fraction of the cost of the Tiger.

We are of course planning to produce the Tiger, but she wi l l be all fibreglass, wi th somewhat lowered wing for daysailing comfort,

1 9

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (20)

the symmetrical boards to eliminate having to change boards coming thru the wind and to make them of less area and weight, total, but we have learned that we wi l l be able to have a somewhat lighter craft, possibly thus winning back some lost advantage otherwise. The hul l form w i l l be unaltered, as wi l l the sails and the general configur­ation. We do not expect to lose much in our stock model, and I believe that putt ing this model against Cougar one w i l l see little or no difference in their performances.

By the way we had a spray rail on the inboard sides of the Tiger and we wi l l keep these besides adding two to the outsides similar to Cougar, to prevent outside wetting and crew discomfort at high speed.

The centerboards and rudders of the stock model w i l l be of cast aluminum alloy, finding that these wi l l have all of the properties of strength and ducti l i ty and anti corrosiveness needed and that they can be produced more cheaply in numbers than any other kind at this wr i t ing . We also feel in this connection that the thinner plates are better than the thicker ones, not only from the standpoint of frontal resistance but from the fact that the centerboard slots may have less drag where one is using a swinging plate versus a fitted dagger. The daggers such as Prout has w i l l always be unpopular in our shoal waters versus the swing type especially in view of the speeds capable in these cats.

I hope that these remarks may clarify somewhat the conditions under which Tiger was able to " eke " out a win over her nearest competition, the Cougar. I hurry on to say that the Cougar and the Shearwater were the best looking catamarans at the race, and both far out performed all other competition. Roland should feel himself well satisfied in producing two so successful craft, that having met h im my personal regard for h im is and w i l l always be of the highest order. I f 1 can handle my own cat designs someday as well as he does his then 1 shall only then consider myself of even equal potential.

Wel l that's about the whole story in the design of Tiger, except to say that the final proof of the form used in the hulls of Tiger was accomplished in the little 9 - foot prototype of the Tiki. I would say that our transom was closer to Freedom's than Cougar's, and so is our mainsail.

The only regret I have after the One of a Kind is that I d id not have more opportunity to talk w i th Roland. I feel in h i m as you do a great friend. I am proud to know h im ! I also met w i th Rudy Choy there and greatly increased my respect for h i m .

Very Sincerely Yours,

J , ^ , , , 3i;<, ^ ROBERT B . H A R R I S .


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (21)


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (22)


L . O . A . 17 '9" Total weight 380 lbs. L . W . L . 16'1()" Sail area 210 sq. ft. , including all Beam O.A. 7'11" rounds. Draught, hul l 8" (This is the latest sail area and Draught, C.B.'s 2'6" - about 20 sq. ft. more than used in

Miami ) .

Designers and builders : G . Prout & Sons, The Point, Canvey Island, Essex.

Price in America : Moulded plywood, approx. SI700. Fibreglass, approx. $1850. (Landed retail prices).

Sole agent for America ; Reheats, 2727-29th St., N . W . , Washington, 8, D .C . . .

The Cougar is the modern version of the Shearwater I I and is made from the same mould as that craft w i th all the features of light construction which the Prouts have developed so well , combined wi th the strength which comes from the continuous sailing of Shearwater III over these last three years.

Hull and Rig Design. L i t t l e need be said about these as they are in most respects similar but larger than the Shearwater III, which most people know already. The hulls are of the same shape as those of Shearwater III, but longer.

Performance. This is superior to that of the smaller Shearwater III as regards speed, being a longer boat. I n the M i a m i One-of-Kind races, the performance of a stock Cougar was on a par w i th that of the prototype Tiger Cat which has already been described, though Tiger won the series. Cougar won the Sea Cliff race against the Tigers but lost the Presidents Cup to them. As could be expected from the hull shape. Cougar is at her best in moderate winds when she can beat Tiger. I n light and heavy going, she appears to be at a slight disadvantage up to the present. 'The speed of catamarans depends far more on their weight than the hul l design and the Shearwater-Cougar-Swift hulls are lighter in weight than most others, though the scantling af pear to be the same.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (23)


W I L D C A T I I : i

L . O . A . 17'9" Sail area 235 sq. ft. L . W . L . 16'0" Designer: Seymour Paul. Beam O.A. 7'11" Available from : Beam, hull 1'6" Dan W . Sanderson, Construction : Colour impreg- P.O. Box. 121,

nated fibreglass. Costa Mesa, Calif.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (24)

Wildcat I I must be one of the fastest catamarans anywhere, having won the Pt. Fermin Race in the Spring against some very strong opposition from Hawaiian-type catamarans and Shearwaters and also the West Coast One of a Kind Race in Newport Harbour.

2 4

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (25)

She has had a clocked speed of 21 knots average over a 1 mile course. The Design. The hull shape appears to have a very fine bow,

going into a semi-circle amidships underwater, wi th a flat run ending in a transom wi th a rounded lower surface instead of the flatter under-surface of other fast catamarans. T w i n centerboards are used and these are placed much farther aft than in any other catamaran. The rig is also placed far aft and the result is probably an ability to keep the fine bow from burying when hard pressed in a beam w i n d . The total weight is not given but Wildcat I I appears to be very l ight .

Sails. The sails shown in the photograph are most beautifully cut. There is a huge overlap on the j i b and a huge roach on the mainsail, w i th the result that the rated sail area is only 176 sq. ft. , whereas the cloth carried has 235 sq. ft .


Freeboard 1'5" Draught I ' l O " Displacement 585 lb . Sail area 160 s<]. It .

L . O . A . 16'0' L . W . L . 15-4" Beam O.A. 7'6" Beam (hull) r e -Beam (hull W . L . ) 1'2"

Designer, owner and builder : David Jeffrey.

Readers may remember Chiquita, a 24 foot overall catamaran designed by David Jefl^rey and described in the Y A C H T I N G M O N ­T H L Y of January, 1956. She was a hard chined craft designed to

Chiquita I I


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (26)

plane but, though she did 14 knots, there was never any indication that planing had occurred.

The latest craft made by this amateur designer is, in his own words, an " e.vercise in plastics." The hulls and most of the bridge deck are bui l t from foamed polystyrene (Polyzote, Expanded Plastics L t d . , Mi tcham Road, Croydon). This material weighs only 1 lb . per cubic foot, comes in slabs 3 foot x 2 foot x 1 | inch thick, can be easily worked wi th a saw, knife and sandpaper although a Surform plane is also useful.

Advantages. The advantages of using expanded polystyrene are (a) No mould is needed as in normal glass fibre boat construction and therefore a one-off boat can be economically made and (b) This closed-cell plastic is permanently buoyant, making separate buoyancy tanks or bags unnecessary. The attractive feature of this inherent buoyancy is that all internal floors are above water level, thus el imin­ating completely the need for pumping or bail ing out the bilge water. This surely is the only boat in which i t is possible to d r i l l holes through the bottom to drain off spray water and not sink i t . The floor of each hul l is 3 inches above the I ^ . W . L . and two 2 inch holes in each transom allow any water shipped to pour out.

After the boat was completely made of foamed plastic and sanded smooth, it was covered all over w i th epoxy resin reinforced wi th glass cloth. This put a hard and strong skin on the boat and, although it is only about l /32nd inch thick, i t makes i t entirely weatherproof and resistant to wear and tear. The resultant catamaran is a l i t t le lighter than the plywood Prout Shearwater and has the advantage of flexibility of design as no moulds are required. The materials cost about the same.

The Construction. The design is similar to Shearwater III but to improve diagonal rigidity, cross beams of 4 inch x 3/8th inch spruce were sunk into the Polyzote. The entire structure has a good feeling of being " one solid piece."

The rounded bottoms are made from the slabs of Polyzote glued flat on each other up to the floor level, 3 inches above the L . W . L . The top sides are from the slabs placed on edge. The Polyzote surface sands smooth but the texture is open and fibreglassing is needed for durability and gloss surface.

The whole hul l was quickly made and glued together and i t was at this stage interesting to have a catamaran weighing less than 100 lbs.

Glues . The glues recommended by the makers of the Polyzote broke along the glue line when edge glued. Aerolite 306, a urea glue,


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (27)



CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (28)

was much stronger and quicker to use. After glueing, a sharp crackling noise was heard at times. Th i s was shown to be caused by the glue apparently bursting some small cells. Only a th in f i lm of Aerolite was used which necessitated careful fitting of the parts. W i t h a liberal application as used wi th wood for gap filling, there is severe contraction of the Polyzote.

The Epoxy Coat. The resin and glass cloth were put on at one application i.e. the resin (Araldite L . W . 2 C . I .B .A . ) was poured onto the sanded Polyzote surface, smoothed wi th a rubber squeegee and 10 oz. plain weave fibreglass cloth spread on. Th is was immediately followed by amber resin, Araldite D for " wett ing out " the glass and a final coat of white L . W . 2 smoothed on. W i t h a workshop temperature of 60"F. hardening took about two days and this would have been longer in damp weather.

Precautions. The epoxy was not found to be disagreeable through its poisonous properties. Frequent hand washing and barrier cream were the precautions against dermatitis of the hands but, even so, there was some slight fingernail trouble which could have been obviated by using rubber gloves.

Disadvantages. Polyzote burns and is dissolved by many solvents-

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (29)

Hot sunlight can cause the surface to powder. The Epoxy is poisonous and may cause dermatitis. The fibreglass-epoxy coat may be dented by a high localised pressure but it can be walked on safely. The under surface of the decking Polyzote needs to be fibreglassed to get the necessary strength.

W i t h proper precautions, therefore, there is no difficulty in using this method of construction. However, the Epoxy coat had ripples which took 40 to 50 man hours of labour to get off, using an industrial orbital sander. This was the only serious snag.

Performance. The all up weight is about 260 lbs. ex crew which is a little lighter than the plywood version of the Shearwater III. T w o fixed keels were used, instead of drop keels. As a result, Chiquita II is slower on the run than Shearwater but is about as fast to windw ard.

Chiquita II had the misfortune to run onto some submerged rocks at over 10 knots, pitching the crew violently forward. The only damage was a slight split in the fibreglass. Plywood would not have withstood this impact so well .

Summary. Expanded polystyrene, glued wi th a urea glue and coated wi th Epoxy resin appears to be an excellent boatbuilding method. David Jeffrey is to be congratulated in being a pioneer in this field.

Ed.—Reports have been received by me that a quick setting poly­ester resin can be used wi th expanded polystyrene. Other workers have not been able to confirm this and find that the foam dissolves.

SNAP, A N 18 F T . C A T A M A R A N


As a result of a series of experiments carried out on a small trimaran Fun, I decided to bui ld another boat. These experiments convinced me that neither outboard floats nor hydrofoils were the answer to high speed and having read of the success of the catamaran Endeavour buil t by the Prout brothers I ordered a pair of similar cold moulded hulls.

One reason for not bui lding a catamaran sooner was that I live some distance from the sea and w-hereas a trimaran can easily be made detachable for trailing, a catamaran is a more difficult problem. Obviously to get the benefit of stability the hul l centres must have a big beam in relation to the length of the boat and as soon as these are made detachable the boat ceases to be one unit and loses its stift'ness. A further point arises over the maximum size that can be trailed on the road not only in beam but in length. I n the case of Snap the length is 18 ft ; beam overall 9ft. 4in. and, w i th the special trailer I designed.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (30)

the maximum road wid th wi th the boat mounted at 60° to the horizontal is 6ft. 6in. I n my opinion anything much larger than this is out o f the question for trai l ing, apart from the difficulty of manhandling on to the trailer. Assuming this is the maximum practical size for trai l ing, any larger catamaran must be strong enough to make a sea passage — a heavier and different type of boat altogether.

Having tried out so many different gadgets on Fun, every one o f which entailed using tools to assemble before each sail I was determined to keep the new boat simple and to go back to first principles ! T h e outcome was a non detachable boat w i th fixed skegs under each hul l (i.e. no centreboard) and a straightforward sloop rig. The two rudders were non l i f t ing.

I n designing the bridge deck I gave Snap 9in. clearance above the water line and a type of structure which I hoped would be very


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (31)

stiff. The clearance under the bridge deck on a catamaran is a critical factor in the design as an increase in clearance increases both the weight of the boat and the air resistance. A t sea, Snap's was found to be adequate except when running when occasionally a sea would bui ld up and touch the underneath of the aft part of the bridge deck ; under the mast where one might expect a wave to hit the clearance seemed to be sufficient.

On first sailing Snap it was found that wi th the skegs, which were .1ft. by 8in., she reached well and would go about wi th difficulty but was very poor close hauled especially in a light w ind . The skegs were removed and l if t ing centreboards mounted in each hul l . Th i s i m ­proved the performance and handling characteristics enormously but mechanically they were a complication and a constant source of leaks. The water pressure that builds up in the centreboard box is considerable and the holes through which the l i f t ing wires passed could not be made watertight.

I t was found that the wooden rudders warped when left in the sun. This upset the balance of the boat by giving weather helm on one tack and lee helm on the other. L i f t i ng metal plates overcame this trouble but a positive wire and shock cord had to be fitted to hold the blades down at speed. Later on larger rudders were fitted not so much for the improvement in power but to give better control when at sea. Rudders have in fact been a constant source of trouble largely due to t rying to save weight and drag, but in any case a catamaran is very sensitive to directional control.

In an attempt to increase the speed when reaching some spray guards were attached to the bow. These were 3ft. long and 4in. wide at their widest point. These were successful as not only was the spray from the hul l lee deflected horizontally but the upward reaction gave considerable lift to the bow.

I think Snap has often touched 18 knots but this is only a guess. I d id however cover the half nautical mile in Chichester harbour in 1 minute and 53 seconds, which is 15.9 knots. Going to windward in a strong wind she was fast and fairly close winded, but her performance fell off in moderate and light winds. / - , r i ' - - »

W I N D - C A T - 'I.:

L.O.A. 15 '0" \ - ' y D e p t h of Hulls 1 ' 2 ' L . W . L . 14' 11" ' - " Draft 2J" Beam 7' 0" ' Sail Area 83 sq. ft. H u l l Beams 1'8" Weight (all-up) 150 lbs.

Designer : Finn Andersen, Durban, S. Africa.

31 :

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (32)

1) H U L L D E S I G N ^ . ^ . The Wind-Cat, obviously, is designed on the realization that a

catamaran is rarely a planing craft, i n the true sense. The weight factor (—displacement) was therefore receiving top pr ior i ty . Second consideration was a hull-shape, offering the least possible resistance, yet sufficiently buoyant in the forward sections to reduce hu l l -burying . . . all w i th one eye on dryness, and the other eye on windage.

The " Fish-shape " was chosen for C . W . L . w i th a flattish semi­circular section. Length/Breadth ratio : 1 : 9 .

The 7 ft. long platform carries the revolving cat-rigged mast on the forward cross-beam, wi th a central dagger-board slot running its fu l l length. Given a 3 in . rocker i t also produces slight additional lift in a seaway.

Hulls symmetrical, wi th centre-lines dead parallel.

2) C O N S T R U C T I O N . The hulls were bui l t over a mould, w i t h strips of 3 m m . plywood,

and sheathed wi th fibre-glass. Internal bracing of hulls effected wi th Jin. dia. a luminium tubing. Tota l weight of each hul l (un-decked) 24 lbs.

The perforated platform is slung under the two cross-bars, and under doublings, fi.xed to inner sides of hulls, offering a central " Wel l " a few inches below the sitting-out decks.

3) RIG The 21 ft. mast, made up of fibreglassed bamboo, is un-stayed ,

and fully revolving. A detachable hooked top gives the sail its charac-teristic appearance, resembling an aeroplane wing, stood on end.

The 83 sq. ft. Terylene sail, fitted w i t h a wide pocket, running . the entire length of the luff, is slipped over the mast before being stepped. The straight leech and 4 through battens take care of the set. . •

4) P E R F O R M A N C E Speed : The exceptionally low weight of Wind-Cat permitted

the use of the small sail area, which, nevertheless, enables her to move faster than the wind on abroad tack and close reach. She moves com­fortably at 16-18 knots, and is estimated to have done 22 in moderate squalls. ^

As soon as the faired lulf, however, ceases to act as leading edge, as : in the case before the wind , she drops to the speed of other displace­ment craft.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (33)

Steering : DifFercntial steering was achieved by simply l inking the tillers wi th a sliding bar, equipped wi th stops, allowing each rudder to trail independently, for a certain arc. This principle works very well indeed, and i t is observed that only the windward rudder actually contributed to sharp alterations of course, such as going about, the lee rudder trail ing obediently without disturbing the flow of water.

Lateral Resistance : The dagger-board, which can be swung to varying depths, and also moved fore-and-aft, was originally intended merely to augment the lateral resistance offered by the hulls, but was found to be grossly inadequately, particularly at low speeds, as the shallow-draft, rounded hulls did not provide the expected lateral resistance. A deeper board is now dealing wi th the drift at low speeds.

Wetness and Hull-Burying. I have, as yet, not been able to " fly a hull " in the Wind-Cat, thanks ( I believe) to the flexible mast, which, in strong winds, wi l l bend out as much as ,1 - 4 feet at the top, without any appreciable increase in the lee hul l displacement. For this reason also, there is no exaggerated bow-wave. The hulls seem to slice through gently, leaving no wake, except from the board, which is also flexible, and " humming " before i t really should.

Whatever bow-wave is worked up in rough water, usually hits the underside of the platform, which is positioned well forward, and renders the Wind-Cat amazingly dry.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (34)

Although she does not bury her lee bow, when going hard, there is a tendency for slicing-in a bit deeper. Sitt ing her out further out does not altogether eliminate this short-coming.

Manoeuvrability. W i t h the dagger-board lowered, slightly forward of balanced position, the Wind-Cat carries just enough helm to throw her about as easily as a dinghy.

I have found that it pays to sit her well oiU, unt i l the sail is filled on the other tack, in order to lighten the hul l , describing the larger arcii. She nevertheless loses most of her speed, when going about.

As for wind-ward work, the Wind-Cat points as high as any dinghy, but in most cases, provided there is sufficient water, fewer and longer tacks, wi th slightly eased sheet, pay the best dividends.

Overloading. Designed as a single-hander, for best performance with a total all-up weight (craft and helmsman) of maximum 300 lbs. I t is obvious that the weight of another crew-member would over­tax its dead-weight (or : load to be carried) by 50%. I n fact, even a small boy of 50 - 60 lbs. makes the increased drag noticeable.

Criticism. The L . O . A . could well be increased by 1 ft. , and the mast-step moved correspondingly aft, to reduce the tendency to dip the lee bow, under pressure.

Also, platform could be extended, allowing helmsman to sit her out further aft.

fioom could be raised 6 in . , merely for the comfort of helmsman. The profile would benefit in appearance, from l i f t ing the sheer

forward (at present parallel to W . L . ) . A means devised for hoisting and lowering sail, without having

to step and un-step the whole rig, and yet maintaining the mast-fairing, that the sleeve provides.

I t is doubtful whether any further reduction in weight would be possible, without affecting the .strength generally, and torque in particular.

. \ T T U N G A ^ 20 F T . S A I L I N G C A T A M A R A N

by P i r i K R HOOKS, 43 Comer Street, Brighton, Victoria, Australia

Th is design represents the summing up and consolidation o f 4 years' experience wi th an experimental 20 ft. catamaran which was modified extensively year by year as various arrangements of fins, hull shapes etc. were tried out.

The prototype boat buil t exactly to the plans has proved to be an outstanding success, particularly in hard winds.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (35)


The yardstick for catamaran performance in Port Phil l ip is the racing fleet of ten Yvonnes, which includes the National Champion, Duet, at Sandringham Yacht Club. Attunga has not had many opportunities of racing consistently w i th this fleet as they are quite naturally a keen group racing for an aggregate prize and should not


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (36)

suffer interference from another boat on their course. However, on the occasions when Attunga has been able to participate in open events she has won them all , except three dr i f t ing matches soon after launching, when still untuned.

The most recent win was the " Annual Catamaran Classic " , which is a race open to all catamarans, held at Sandringham. Th is race, sailed in a stiff northerly which had all crews swinging and weathering hulls l i f t ing well out in the puffs, showed Attunga's potential very well . The fleet consisted of ten Yvonnes, some Quickcats, Charles Cunningham's new 20 ft. fibreglass Austral 20 (complete wi th swing planks), and Attunga.

The course was triangular of about 15 miles total, wi th a work from the start to the windward mark, a close reach, a run, and a work back through the line, 3 times round. Attunga included a flag buoy 300 yards to windward of the correct windward mark on the first round, as did 3 other Yvonnes and the Cunningham designed fibreglass 20 foot, d id not use the spinnaker on the first two runs, and sti l l won comfortably by 4 minutes. Wel l sailed, the race could have been won by 15 minutes on an elapsed time of 1 hr. 50 min .

Most of the lead was established on the windward legs, some on the close reaches, and of course ground was lost on two of the runs (in the first round Attunga was passed on the run near the lee marks by 3 Yvonnes and the Cunningham 20 footer, all w i th spinnakers set). On the first long work to windward through the line, Attunga opened up a big lead and was never seriously threatened thereafter.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (37)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (38)

On the th i rd run downwind, the spinnaker was set to ensure that the lead already established was not diminished.

Attiinga makes several radical departures from what has become somewhat commonly accepted practice in catamaran design and performance both in this country and overseas, namely :—

1. The boat is quickly demountable into 2 equal and opposite halves down the mid line of the bridge deck, both halves are locked together by 4 stainless steel shear pins passing through holes in the ends of overlapping stainless steel fangs, like chainplates, which are screwed to the ends of the main beams where they are cut along the mid line. Th i s device is very strong, but simple, and is similar to the type of locking used in the folding wings of carrier borne aircraft. However, it is believed that Attunga is the first catamaran design which uses the system for demounting down the centre line. Both halves, placed deck to deck, fit comfortably on a normal trailer, w i t h all the load contained between the wheels. Kach half is a very easy lift for two weedy specimens.

2. The overall beam is wider than usual, 10 ft. 0 in . on an overall length of 20 ft . 0 in . Th i s feature produces enormous power to drive the boat hard, wi th consequent bri l l iant performance to windward in a strong breeze. The co*ckpit, 9 ft. 0 i n . wide and 8 ft. 0 in . long, allows plenty of space for sunbathing etc. when day sailing and wi l l allow a small shelter, or doghouse, 6 ft. 0 in . wide by 4 ft. 0 in . long to be placed on the deck for sleeping, or as a refuge for children away from strong cold winds.

,1. The hulls are wider and flatter than usual (2 ft . 2 in . compared wi th the average of about 1 ft. 6 in . for comparable length), and are of the disappearing chine type, something like the Darkie shape fined out and without the flare. - - - " '

4. The boat really planes ; one has the impression when reach­ing at about 20 knots on one hul l that more than half the total weight is supported dynamically, because the lee bow is well out and only about two thirds of the lee hul l is in the water, and the transom leaves a hard, flat wake. In consei|uence of the hull shape, the lee bow always lifts to the steep seas of Port Phil l ip and has never buried. I t is safe to say that Attunga is completely free of the appalling charac­teristic of the nose-dive which has hitherto been not at all unknown in catamarans. Similarly, Attunga does not suffer from the infur i ­ating habit of " hobby horsing " in a seaway.

5. Attunga is extremely fast i n stays, coming about in a similar time to that taken by a Payne Mort lock Canoe. Perhaps the fast tacking is due to the shape of the hulls and disposition of r ig ; when


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (39)

tacking the sterns sweep across the top of the water as the helm is put down. I t is quite unnecessary to back the j i b or to jerk the main boom to windward, as in common practice with deep hulled catamarans.

6. T w i n fins provide plenty of " bite " for windward work and even when one hull is skipping, can be adjusted to a nicety on a reach, and be drawn up completely when on a run or when beaching. A handy feature is that the fin cases are offset on the inboard side of the keels, which makes them easy to construct, and leaves a con­tinuous running surface for beaching. The twin fins are a great improvement over the single central fin which we had for one season in the experimental boat. This fin had perforce to be 7 ft. 0 i n . long in order to reach anywhere near sufficient lateral plane area, and in consequence exerted a great overturning moment on the boat. The fins in the prototype project only 3 ft. 0 in. below the keel and the boat is therefore very stiff. The cases are long enough to allow the fins to fold well back in the event of grounding, where their profile is such that the main force against the back of the case is an upward one. Thus the virtue of the simplicity of the dagger fin is partly combined wi th the safety margin and range of adjustment of the fully swinging fin, in a relatively short case.

7. A building j i g is not required. Four plywood side panels are cut to the finished shape, chines are attached to the inboard sides and gunwales to the outboard sides. Opposite pairs of sides are placed over two levelled trestles, the frames inserted where marked on the panels, the keel drawn over, fin cases buil t in , keel and chines-faired off, bottom skinned, the assembly turned over and the deck applied in one panel. A l l curves are so easy that the side panels fit around the frames nicely, somewhat after the manner of bui ld ing the fuselage of a model aeroplane.

Final connection of the two hulls is uncomplicated, as the two crossbeams fix directly to cleats projecting through the deck.

The mast is a modified box section, which is very suitable for amateur construction, as is indeed the whole boat which can be put together from the cheapest of materials, by any amateur. I t is i n ­teresting to note that Attunga is much lighter than another catamaran of similar size buil t of fibreglass, and, being constructed of wood, is quite unsinkable in any circ*mstances. A l l the materials, including Terylene working sails at £AH?i, cost approximately j{jA250. A spinnaker would cost about £20.

8. The prototype Attunga has been subjected to a series o f sailing tests and inspections of the structure by members of the com­mittee of the Australian Catamaran Association, most of whom are

3 9

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (40)

keen saik)is of the now well-known Yvonne type. The general committee passed a motion on the 14th A p r i l to the effect that the Attunga has now been declared an approved design, and thereby receives the full approval of the Association. The rating " A . C . A . approved Design " ensures that the boat is structurally sound, handles well and gives good performance. Attunga is the first design to receive a full rating under this comparatively new Association Ruling. Fortunately, the Committee had only to consider the structure and handling characteristics.

A point was raised at the meeting that, unlike narrow beam catamarans, there is as yet no definite information as to whether or not the boat is rightable. No false claims are made for the design on this point ; it is the designer's opinion that, i f capsized, Attunga would be difficult to right again without some assistance. The crew would stand on the lower fin w i t h the boat on its side un t i l assistance could be rendered. When the mast can be raised parallel to and above the water the weight of the crew on the fin would almost certainly right the boat.

The fully detailed working plans, which include ful l size profiles of critical parts, have been drawn up w i t h a view to fostering an .\ustralia wide class. Weights wi l l be laid down when all the com­ponents of the existing prototype boat have been weighed in the fully dry state, which w i l l serve as a guide for establishing m i n i m u m weights slightly below that of the prototype.


L . O . A . 14 '6" Weight 225 lbs. rigged. Beam 6' 0" Sail area 120 sq. ft. Draught ex. C.B. 7" - Mast length 18' 3" Draught C.B. 1' 9" Designers : G. Prout & Sons, The Point, Canvey Island, Essex.

Price : ^165.

The Swift catamaran was only introduced by the Prouts at the Boat Show in January this year (1959) and already has been adopted by many sailing clubs as class boats and w i l l soon be seen in most sailing waters.

The Design. The smaller the catamaran, the greater the relative sail area which can be carried as compared to the weight and wetted surface. For this reason, the Swift is not so very much slower than her larger sister. Shearwater III. I n fact, at the O N E O F A K I N D races at Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, in one race Swift beat both the Shearwater III and Jumpahead.

40 >

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (41)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (42)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (43)

nice roomy co*ckpit and an increased efficiency to tiie mainsail by straightening its vertical axis. A t the same time, the extra " sweep-back " to the j i b must decrease its drive but this is apparently of l i t t le moment in view of the above race results.

Summary. The Swift is a fast and comfortable catamaran of a more popular size than the larger ones. I f capsized, she is easy to right single handed.


L . O . A . 22' 0" Sail Area 241 sq. ft. ( M a i n S.L. L . W . L . 19' y 144, Genoa 97). Beam O.A. 12' 8" Displacement l . , l tons. Draught 1' 4" Accommodation 4 berth.

Designer : Bi l l O'Brien A . I . N . A .

Makers : Hawker Siddeley Hamble L t d .

This attractive hard chine catamaran is designed as a twin hulled motor sailer without a centreboard. Comfort and safety are given priori ty rather than speed but she w i l l do her 10 to 12 knots in a force 6 wind w i th no tendency to lif t the weather hu l l . However, all the weights are low down in the hulls and, should she be thrown over in a gale, she should right herself from a mast-horizontal position. The design is a reduction of a 26 ft. catamaran which was originally designed for an A.Y.R.S . member.

Accommodation. There are four berths but two extra can be slept, i f necessary. The galley is 7 ft. long w i t h standing headroom in each hul l . The toilet is a " Baby M i n o r . "

Sailing. As in all catamarans, there is vir tually no heel and this wi l l be the main attraction of the craft. She tacks smoothly and quickly wi th the j i b let fly in normal keel boat fashion. There is wheel steering coupled to tillers for ease of handling as she w i l l stay on course when set. The absence of centreboard w i l l be a great boon for sailing in shallows and it is one of the features of the hull shapes produced by Bi l l O'Brien that they have a surprising amount of lateral resistance compared to rounded sections. Drop rudders are used.

Motor. The 18 h.p. Evinrude gives 8 to 10 knots wi thout undue noise and is easily retractable for sailing.

Photographs : T O N Y H O O K , Southern Evening Echo, Southamp­ton.

Summary. Shamrock is about the right size, has wonderful qualities and no vices. She should be ideal for longshore sailing for a family


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (44)


man. There is a hatch in the hridgcdeck floor and a keen angler can fish without even getting out of bed. What more could one want ?


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (45)

H U R R l C A N I i ;

L .O .A . 12' 6" Weight : 150 lbs. Beam O.A. 5 ' 6" Sail Area : 115 sq . f t . Draught 6" Draught C.B's 1' 9"

Designer : Jack Blundell , Sandhills, St. Catherines Road, Hayl ing Island, Hants.

Background. Jack Blundell bought one of the first Shearzvater lITs in 1955 {Zoomph I) followed by another in 1956 which was borrowed on one occasion by H . R . l l . I'rince Pi i i l ip . He tried out the prototype Bell Cat designed by IJffa l-'ox in 1958 but found them all too heavy to manage single handed and designed a smaller, lighter 12 ft. catamaran wi th the deep V sections of the Bell Cat and without centreboards.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (46)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (47)

Performance of the 12 ft. deep V. Th i s l i t t le catamaran had under 100 sq. ft. of sail area but was sailed by Jack around the Isle of Wight , some 60 miles in ten hours, quite a remarkable feat. However, the light weather performance suffered for want of dagger boards and when driven hard, the lee hul l buried. These faults were corrected by raising the bows 3 ins. at the stem, lengthening the mast from 15 ft. to 18 f t . , increasing the sail area to 115 sq. ft. and bringing it aft 6 ins. T w o small dagger boards were added. Performance was then found to be on a par w i th the 12 ft. 6 in . River Cat.

The Hurricane. 'I'he shape of this hull is a V forward which is slightly deeper than a right angle, sweeping back through a semi­circle to a U-shaped transom. This should go well i f the weight is right. Indeed, the whole design is very carefully and astutely done and should produce a good boat.

Jack Blundell w i l l shortly be producing these hulls in fibrcglass for sale at £\9 each with buil t in dagger board casings. For those who may wish to finish the craft off to the designer's plans, the balance of the wooden parts wi l l cost £ 1 8 , the plans and instructions £2-2-Q and wooden mast and boom planks £,\0.

The Hurricane Class. Jack believes that a large number of people want to experiment wi th catamarans and this cannot but fail to be good for development in addition to the great fun to be derived by backing ones ideas. For this reason, the Hurricane ('lass w i l l only have three restrictions : 1. The hulls to he from the designers moulds. 2. The sails to have the Hurricane insignia and 3. The length overall to be no more than 12 ft. 6ins. However, one would think that some restriction on sail area would be necessary to avoid complicated handi­capping systems.

For the 1960 season, the designer proposes to hold one meeting for any catamaran 13 ft. or under wi th a £25 cash prize for the winner.


L .O .A 12 '0" Beam, hull r 6" L . W . I , . 11 ' 3" Displacement 267 lbs. Beam O.A. 7' 0" Sail area 110 sq. ft. Designer : John Morwood.

Amateur builders ; John Acton (No. 1), Geoff Dumble (No. 2). Readers may remember the Tamahine design of publication N o .

18 which was made from five strips of plywood tacked together at the corners. This design has been made by John Acton and also (Jeoff Dumble as two separate boats. I n both cases, the hull construction produced no great difficulties which was the main object of the design


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (48)

but the sailing reports are so full of interesting points which have a bearing on catamaran design and rigging that they should be studied wi th care.

Jo/;// Acton's Report No. 1 : " I was rather concerned that Tamahine's rocker might make her rather unstable fore and aft, but this is not the case, though the sitting position on her is fairly critical i f drag from the transom is to be avoided. Having had to experiment wi th weight distribution, I made up a platform to sit on which is absurdly heavy (being made of materials 1 already had). The hulls weigh .SO lbs. each and the tubular steel cross-frame weighs 26 lbs. and is highly successful, being dead rigid and enabling the two hulls to be dismantled for transport, though I have also adapted my trailer wi th rollers to take the keels so though she can be rolled up on to the trailer and launched wi th ease. This arrangement is highly successful as one person can handle her in this way wi th no difficulty.

• ' Rig. " Since I already had an IS ft. mast, I tlecided to have a Bermuda type of r ig which has the advantage of being able to back the jib to assist going about.

" I think the hul l design is excellent but i t is not getting a square deal as a result of heavy equipment and too small sail area. I am sure she w i l l be very fast. She goes about easily. I should like you to know how pleased I am wi th your design, which suits my particular purpose ideally."

Report No. 2, John Acton : " I have now^ done a good more sailing in my Tamahine. Although I have not got a speedometer and therefore cannot give actual speeds, I can say that she is faster than dinghies in light winds but not appreciably so in moderate winds. I n fresh winds, however, when she planes readily, she wi l l go at least 50% faster than an Knterprise or G.P. 14.

" The above performance is w i th one up. The additional weight o f a crew has the effect of slowing her down considerably and making it almost impossible to rise on to a plane.

" I t is necessary in light winds to move forward to avoid transom drag, but i f you remain forward in a moderate to fresh wind , she w i l l plane along satisfactorily but wi l l dig in her bows from time to time and occasionally w i l l stop dead. This is a most alarming thing and I suspect it may be a sort of frustrated forward capsize. However, i f one moves back a l i t t le , she w i l l l if t her bows up, showing perhaps 18 inches of daylight forward and go like a train. She goes about easily and needs very li t t le board. Her centre of lateral resistance seems to be further forward than is relatively the case wi th larger cats but perhaps this is to do wi th crew weight distribution.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (49)

" The only respect in which Taiiuiliiiiv falls short of my require­ments is her l imited carrying capacity. 1 have therefore been con­sidering building a larger one, perhaps 14 ft. or 14 ft. 6 in . , or halfway between Tamahine and Tuahine.

" M y only anxiety about a large midships section to reduce wetted surface to a m in imum is that it entails rather a sharper run to the stern which I think tends (on Tamahine at any rate) to pul l the stern down and lift the bows when planing, thus making a shorter and more sharply curved boat than would be the case i f she rode along on her full length. -

" I t occurs to me that a good way of comparing the beha\iour of right angled sectioned hulls wi th that of round sections would be to construct a right angled hul l wi th exactly the same distr ibution of buoyancy as that of an existing design, such as the Prout Swiff. I would be prepared to do this i f the figures are available, though of course the buoyancy would vary according to the degree of immersion of the hulls. Nevertheless, an approximate parallel could be drawn. Having built Taniahine, I do feel that in a 14 footer 1 would like rather less rocker."

Geoff Dumble's Report : " We now have iier on a fairly large gravel pit near here where the wind is reasonably steady. As you w i l l see, she has a " Solo " sail of 90 sq. ft. Not really large enough but she does motor along i f the wind is reasonably strong. The lee bow

Tamahine : Geoff Dumble


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (50)

tends to bury, I find, and would probably sail itself under in really gale conditions.

" Going about is quite fair providing I remember that she is a cat and do not shove over the til ler too quickly ( I have an 11 ft. dinghy as well and sometimes forget which one I ' m sailing !) She has a smallish centreboard (not dagger) but this doesn't really make a lot of difference one way or another.

" She carries a fair amount of weather helm in a blow so I mostly hold the til ler wi th my foot and then have two hands for the sheet. I 've put a thrce-to-one purchase on the sheet now in place of the 2 to 1, but she still takes a bit of holding.

" For next season, I shall probably step the mast back and fit a j i b . However, I do feel that the min imum length for a reasonable cat is probably nearer 14 than 12 ft. I t could be that Prouts are right after all ! "

Comment : \. 9 in . rocker on a 12 ft. boat does not seem ex­cessive, especially as the point at the keel contributes very little to rocker effect. However, as John Acton points out, this shape does tend to throw the bow up and a model trimaran I once made wi th floats of this shape which pivoted used to go along wi th the floats co*cked up at an angle of about 30". The main fault w i t h Tamahine here is in the fineness of the stern, which would have been better wi th a wider and flatter transom.

2. Speed would be increased by (1) reducing the beam to 5 ft. , (2) flattening the transom and making it wider and (3) by lighter construction.

3. The " frustrated forward capsize " is most interesting and shows the necessity of correct crew placing in any catamaran. The sudden stopping is due to the immersion of the vertical stems and a resultant bad shape for resistance combined wi th raising of the sterns probably out of water producing a short waterline length.

4. The absence of bow burning wi th the weight in the correct place in John Acton's craft and its presence in Geoff Dumble's boat wi th about the same crew placing indicates that it is due to the mast being so far forward.

5. Excessive w^eather helm such as Geoff Dumble has slows any boat very much but has more effect on a catamaran, especially one wi th even a right angled V which is far more stable in yaw than a rounded sectioned hul l .

6. Both reports indicate that Tamahine is too small for the members concerned but this objection only applies to the craft i n


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (51)

question. W i t h the same hull profile and wider hulls aft more buoy­ancy would be added where i t is needed, fore and aft stability would increase as would top and medium speeds.

Lighter construction and reduced beam would allow more weight to be carried. I t would be a pity i f 12 ft. catamarans were found to be too small for two persons.


L .O.A. 14' Weight 320 lbs. Beam 7' -^^a^ft # Sail area 145 sq. ft. Draught 7" Construction : Fibreglass. Designer : lu ick Manners, 9.1, Ridgcway, Westcliff, Ivssex. Builders : T w i n Hulls L t d . , 50a, Salisbury Ave. , Southend, I' ssex.

This is a nicely shaped hull with a fine entrance developing in to a rounded midships section and a flat run. Th e hulls are symmetrical and their tops form seats at the side of the bridge deck so that when sailing, one does not sit in a " saucer full of water " as happens wi th most designs. I t is a handsome craft, nicely finished in the model I have seen.

The fibreglass construction means easy maintenance and, by undoing ten bolts, both hulls detach for ease of storage. The craft is available as a ki t w i th the hulls already moulded.

14 F T . RACER C A T A M A N N E R

This craft is exactly the same shape as the " Sports " Catamanner but the hulls are moulded plywood which makes them lighter and there are twin centreboards.

18 F T . 6 I N . C A T A M A N N E R

L . O . A . 18' 6" Sail area 200 sq. ft. Beam 8' 0" Construction : moulded plywood. Draught 8" Fibreglass sheathing optional.

This craft is designed along the same general lines as the " Sports Catamanner " and looks a nice craft. No details of performance relative to other craft are available.

Comment : These three craft have all got good hul l shapes and, in the models I have seen the construction and finish seem excellent. The C A T A M A N N E R range are seldom raced as most of them are fibreglassed and heavier than the pure racing types. However, they must make excellent family boats where their stability and fibreglass construction are valuable.


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (52)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (53)

18 / / . 6 in. De Luxe Calamanner



The craft has Shearwater I hulls shortened to 15 feet wi th a ho.x spar lying fore and aft amidships to take torsion wi th a cross spar at its fore and aft ends. Below the bridge, a steel tube (A) runs from one hul l to the other through two plates bolted to the box spar. On this tube, both the wheels and centreboard are mounted. Th is tube does not rotate and its ends fit into cup shaped wooden pieces glued to the main faces of the hulls in order to steady them.

The Centreboard. The centreboard is a little offset from the middle line and is mounted at one end of a collar which rotates on the steel tube (A) . A flat steel strip runs from the other end of the collar to a little way along the board to help wi th the side strains when sailing. On either side of the collar, two metal plates run upwards to be bolted to the central box spar of the catamaran. The board is raised by a short rope cleated on the deck and kept down by a bungec to the front cross bar of the bridge.

The Wheels. These are made of hard wood soaked in oil wi t i i slightly larger plywood sides to keep on the tyres made of rope wound around them. A I inch axle passes through each and is secured through holes in light alloy angle pieces at each side. . .


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (54)

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (55)

The Legs. These are composed of the hght alloy angle pieces carrying the axle of the wheel and these alloy pieces are bolted to shallow box spars w i t h plywood faces. A t the top of each box, two bent metal loops pass over the athwartships tube (A) to form bearings on which each undercarriage leg can swing backwards or forwards.

The Radius Rods. Each wheel is retracted by a " Radius rod " of L section. A t the lower end, i t pivots on a bolt near the main wheel axle and, when the wheel is down, it passes upwards and for­ward between two guides under the forebeam of the bridge deck. The guides are joined below the radius rod by a bolt and a notch in the radius rod slips into this bolt to hold the wheel in the " down " position. A weighted handle holds the radius rod in position on the bolt.

Retraction. Each wheel is lifted separately. The handle of the radius rod is lifted an inch or so to free the notch from the retaining bolt and it is then drawn forward, l i f t ing the wheel. I t is kept in the " up " position by the weight of the handle.

Lowering. The wheel is lowered by l i f t ing the handle of the radius rod. The weight of the wheel then pulls it down t i l l the bolt below the guides enters the notch, so making the assembly r ig id .

Summary. I have found this system a perfect Godsend. I t has given no trouble and the boat has been out 77 days this season (1957). The catamaran balances nicely when the wheels are down so that i t w i l l rest either on its bow or its stern and one can walk on deck when on the wheels. By a lucky fluke, the concentrically mounted centre­board bearing also gives correct balance to the boat when sailing. The wheels are very elementary but the oiled " hardwood on bolt " bearing are excellent, needing no oil ing or attention dur ing an entire season.

L E T T E R Sir,

Congratulations are due to you people in the Long Island area for your strenuous work in organizing an American Section of the A.Y.R.S. I enclose a small contribution towards your research fund and hope others can see fit to assist you in getting systematic experi­mental test work underway.

I represent a 3-family syndicate which has had a strenuous and pleasant summer completing the final 6 0 % of a Hawaiian type cata­maran which we hopefully named Scat, from a design by Rudy Choy and Warren Seaman. The design is intended for local ocean racing


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (56)


in prevailing l ight winds, w i t h roller reefing which we hope w i l l permit us to keep going in a blow. Her measurements are the following :

L . O . A . 2 7 ' • • Draught 1 ' ' ^ ' " L . W . L . 22' Mast height above deck 35'5" Beam 9' 8" Sail Area (Genoa) 520 sq. ft .

Displacement 1050 lb .

Fabrication follows modern Hawaiian practice, i.e., l ight spruce frames and stringers covered wi th I i n . plywood skin, forced into mi ld compound curves by a remarkable combination of wetting and brute force. Difficult fillets and the hul l ends were laminated from Styrafoam and hand shaped. A layer of fibreglass, doubled at critical points, converted the somewhat elastic wing-hul l assembly into a r igid, skin stressed structure.

D u r i n g two months of shakedown sailing. Seal has shown promis­ing light weather [ability, ghosting along easily past all informal com­petition as had been hoped from her large r ig , specialised for Southern

5 6

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (57)

Californian winds. Her catamaran sluggishness in coming about occasionally gives revenge to the large keel sloops in tacking up narrow channels. A t first we were somewhat discouraged by tiie tendency to go into irons and by the inferior ability to point to windward in light airs. However, both defects have almost vanished as the crews gained experience wi th the boat.

• A local catamaran racing club was recently organized, resulting in an init ial Christmas race involving three smaller catamarans and ours. I n the first race, a 14 mile course inside and outside Newport Harbour wi th a light breeze averaging 5 m.p.h. . Scat took a first, followed in 12 minutes by Walt Hal l , a former international Snipe champion, sailing liis modified Slieancater III w i t i i dagger boartis and 175 sq. ft. Thistle r ig w i th obvious skill which had our crew sweating to hold the larger boat's lead. The second race was similar w i th the breeze slightly stronger in which Hal l was nosed out of second place by an otlier 16 footer, the Black Cat, designed by Seymour Paul along modified Shearicater lines, again wi th Thistle r ig and daggerboards. The men on the li t t le cats were surprised at being out-ghosted by a big cat carrying a 4 man crew, but they promise to " suck us up their exhaust pipes " on our next encounter in a windy, sheltered body of water near Long Beach in February.

Some tentative comments regarding the mystical qualities of our asymmetrical hulls without daggerboards may be of interest. Whi le I share the scepticism of other A .Y.R.S . writers, sailing experience has shown that i f we hike to leeward in l ight airs, getting the weather hull up on the surface as much as possible, then the deeply immersed and asymmetric lee hul l points quite decently without excessive yaw angle thru the water. I n strong breezes, the boat rolls to l if t the weather hul l clear of the water w i th four of us hiking to windward and again the immersed lee hul l gives good windward performance. Our best speed to date was 15 m.p.h. by an " Airguide " commercial pitot tube instrument, sailing fairly close hauled wi th the weather hull out, the wind being 15 to 20 m.p.h. Bearing off caused us to slow down, suggesting that more wind and a broader tack might provide a bit more speed (or an upset).

The question remains open whether the total hul l drag when close hauled might be reduced by put t ing all the sideforce on a yawed daggerboard of decent aspect ratio, as an attempt to reduce under­water induced drag. We expect to t ry this experiment on our first haulout.

Despite the wetted surface argument, the Hawaiian deep V sections


CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (58)

at bow and stern appear to generate less wave fuss than the fuller Shearwater sections, at low and higher speed.

Warren Seaman tells us that during high speed spinnaker runs down the face of following seas, the outward turning tendency of each hul l during roll ing serves to counteract the tendency to broach into a spinnaker knockdown — a danger common to conventional sloops and, he says, symmetrical hulled catamarans. Scat has not yet sailed in these conditions. • > .;- r>c, i - r ; j , - i i i

The above comments are intended to convey our growing suspicion that Rudy Choy and his predecessors in Hawaii have empirically arrived at a surjirisingiy good calaiTiaran hull design for ocean sailing. St i l l , large improvements are certainly in store thru the efforts of A.Y.R.S . people.

F R E D C . G U N T H E R .

3689 N . Fair Oaks, Altadena, Calif.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (59)


There is more to a successful Catamaran than just twin hulls. Over five years' experimental work culminating in severe tests have produced the P R O U T Shearwater Catamaran which has sailed with such outstanding results that over 700 sail numbers have been registered in the new

Class. Why not build your own ready for next summer?


complete less sails : £214 Ex Works.

SHEARWATER K I T complete less sails : £129-16-0

SWIFT 14' 6- CATAMARAN complete less sails : £165 Ex Works.

SWIFT K I T complete less sails : £98

A l l kits are complete wUh a fittings, and supplied with hulls moulded, sanded for paint. Photograph by

courtesy of " L i l l rpu t "


G. P R O U T & SONS L T D . THE POINT, CANVEY ISLAND, ESSEX. Telephone Canvey 190

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (60)


TWIN HULL BOATS AND KITS on stand D. 12 of the EARLS COURT BOAT SHOW The pioneer and specialist catamarans builders T w i n H u l l L t d . , produce the fo l lowing standardized classes f r o m the designs o f

Er ick J. Manners to suit different requirements :—•

F O R V E R S A T I L I T Y l i f t . Car -Cat Class. The 1 cwt . catamaran designed to travel any­where on the average car top. Complete or as k i t w i t h hulls f r o m £74.

F O R C O M F O R T . 14ft. Family class. ' Designed pr imar i ly for safety and comfor t . Vi r tua l ly uncapsizable and unsinkable w i t h 6 water t ight compar t ­ments. Complete or as k i t w i t h glass-fibre hulls. <

F O R S P E E D 14ft Sports or Racer class. The Sports model has glass-fibre detach­able hulls. Avai lable complete or as a k i t . The Racer has non-detachable hulls and is a very fast boat. F i t ted w i t h l igh t al loy spars.

F O R L U X U R Y 18ft. 6in. class Catamanner introduced 1957 as a racer or de-luxe cruiser.

F O R Y O U Wr i t e for ful ly illustrated brochure.


i*^...,. Phone 45425 ,>.-^„,.......

Primed in Great Britain by F . J . P A R S O N S L T D . , London, Folkestone and Hastings.

CATAMARANS 1959 - [PDF Document] (2024)


Are catamarans hard to sail? ›

The engines and rudders on a catamaran are far apart from each other, which makes maneuvering very easy (especially in narrow spaces like inside the marina) - much easier than maneuvering a single-engine monohull.

How long have catamarans been around? ›

The Catamaran's Main Design has Existed for Over 3000 Years. The design of the catamaran was influenced by the wooden rafts used by the Polynesian peoples to make long voyages to faraway islands in the Pacific. The origins of this type of raft can be traced back to 1500 BCE.

Do cruising catamarans capsize? ›

Sea Action And High Winds Cause Capsizing

We do know of a couple of instances where large waves off Richards Bay on the East coast of South Africa and one off the Wildcoast of South Africa capsized catamarans.

How much do catamarans go for? ›

Generally, brand new sailing catamarans and power catamarans will have a price tag in the range of $200,000 to over $1 million. Whereas used catamarans on the brokerage market can be found for around $500,000 and under.

What are the downsides of catamarans? ›

Catamaran Cons

Because a wide bridge deck is strapped between two hulls, there can be slapping or pounding while underway in heavier seas. The slapping can become annoying, but is easily resolved by reducing sail. Unfortunately, that means reducing speed as well.

What is the best size catamaran to sail around the world? ›

Although it is possible to undertake a long voyage with almost any size catamaran, the recommended minimum sized catamaran to embark on an around-the-world voyage is around 30 feet in length which includes just enough space for a cabin and storage space for long-term provisions.

How long do catamarans last? ›

The Outremer shipyard is very proud that the very first multihulls built over 35 years ago are still sailing the world without having seen the exceptional rigidity of their structure diminish. We design our boats for a minimum lifespan of 50 years.

What is so special about a catamaran? ›

They are larger, more stable boats, and so in most situations, this will make them a “safer” sailboat than a comparably sized monohull. Catamarans also have the advantage of having 2 engines, which makes them “safer” when it comes to engine problems.

Why do sailing catamarans have trampolines? ›

It allows the crew to move about on it and most trampolines also serve as tension components of the sailboat structure along with the rest of the rigging.

Can catamarans handle rough seas? ›

Catamarans are designed to distribute weight evenly between the two hulls. This buoyant structure can offer advantages in rough water, contributing to its ability to handle waves differently than monohulls.

Do people get motion sickness on catamarans? ›

Seasickness in a catamaran is much less common than in other vessels because the ride is much smoother. The best way to avoid being seasick on a sailboat is to be on a catamaran!

How much is insurance for a catamaran? ›

Insurance typically runs 1.5% to 3% of the cost of the catamaran.

Is it expensive to maintain a catamaran? ›

Speaking of yearly service and repair costs of a catamaran, they can vary depending on the age and condition of the vessel. The yearly service and repairs for a 2-5-year-old vessel usually will run from $3,000 – $5,000 USD on average to above average condition.

Do catamarans hold their value? ›


While there is no fast and hard depreciation scale – because some catamarans hold their value at lot better than others – it goes something as follows: Year 1: -10%, Year 2: -7%, Year 3: -5%, Year 4: -4%, then another -2 percent decline per year until the boat is 12 or so years old.

How hard is it to sail a catamaran for beginners? ›

Catamarans generally do not yaw. They lay like a raft on the water and sailing them is easy without any heeling. Catamarans can anchor in almost any bay as their low drafts make it possible to get closer to shore than a monohull.

How long does it take to learn to sail a catamaran? ›

Couch to Captain's Chair in One Week

You can focus on catamaran sailing skills or monohull sailing skills.

Is a catamaran safer than a sailboat? ›

Sure, catamarans can capsize, but being rescued from an upside-down, still-floating multihull is definitely preferable to sinking to the bottom in a monohull! The verdict? Contemporary catamarans are incredibly buoyant and virtually unsinkable, making them safer than monohull sailboats.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Ms. Lucile Johns

Last Updated:

Views: 5801

Rating: 4 / 5 (41 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Ms. Lucile Johns

Birthday: 1999-11-16

Address: Suite 237 56046 Walsh Coves, West Enid, VT 46557

Phone: +59115435987187

Job: Education Supervisor

Hobby: Genealogy, Stone skipping, Skydiving, Nordic skating, Couponing, Coloring, Gardening

Introduction: My name is Ms. Lucile Johns, I am a successful, friendly, friendly, homely, adventurous, handsome, delightful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.